Primary Sources

Click on the images below for a closer look at the and check out the corresponding posts on technology linked below the images.




Handwritten note from the Empress of Canada – 1922

Second Class Staterooms unusually spacious and well ventilated. Bright, cheerful, cozy rooms are equipped with wardrobes, running water, electric radiators. Accommodate 2, 3, or 4 pass.

Lounge where one can read, write, or laze away the hours delightfully. 

Smoking room replete with all the comforts that men appreciate. Dining room like that of a hotel.


Learn more about the technological advancements in ship building and the SS United States.

Read about ventilation and AC systems on steamships.

Click here to view our post on refrigeration on ships.

Secondary Sources

Fulfillment of Three Remarkable Philosophies Relating to the Development of Steamboat Navigation and Railroad Transportation, “Inventions in Steam Navigation

Additional Resources

PBS Learning Media resources for technology and engineering for 11th and 12th grade.

Green Steam Technology

More information about Robert Green and solar steam power.

Read this reprint of an 1870 article on solar steam power.